Azurite is a soft, deep-blue copper mineral produced by weathering of copper ore deposits. During the early 19th century, it was also known as chessylite, after the type locality at Chessy-les-Mines near Lyon, France. The mineral, a carbonate with the chemical formula Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2, has been known since ancient times, and was mentioned in Pliny the Elder's Natural History under the Greek name kuanos (κυανός: "deep blue", root of English cyan) and the Latin name caeruleum. Since antiquity, azurite's exceptionally deep and clear blue has been associated with low-humidity desert and winter skies. The modern English name of the mineral reflects this association, since both azurite and azure are derived via Arabic from the Persian lazhward (لاژورد), an area known for its deposits of another deep-blue stone, lapis lazuli ("stone of azure").
Azurite is one of two basic copper(II) carbonate minerals, the other being bright green malachite. Simple copper carbonate (CuCO3) is not known to exist in nature. Azurite has the formula Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2, with the copper(II) cations linked to two different anions, carbonate and hydroxide. Small crystals of azurite can be produced by rapidly stirring a few drops of copper sulfate solution into a saturated solution of sodium carbonate and allowing the solution to stand overnight.
Azurite crystals are monoclinic. Large crystals are dark blue, often prismatic. Azurite specimens can be massive to nodular. They are often stalactitic in form. Specimens tend to lighten in color over time due to weathering of the specimen surface into malachite. Azurite is soft, with a Mohs hardness of only 3.5 to 4. The specific gravity of azurite is 3.77 to 3.89. Azurite is destroyed by heat, losing carbon dioxide and water to form black, copper(II) oxide powder. Characteristic of a carbonate, specimens effervesce upon treatment with hydrochloric acid.[en.wikipedia.org]
- Azurite clears away confusion and tension while bringing focus and opening up the mind to new perspectives.
- It encourages learning new things, boosts concentration and memorization, and sharpens mental alertness.
- This soothing crystal brings in calmness, stimulates thinking and creativity, and provides inspiration.
- It's healing energies can be felt on many levels.
- Azurite calms the mind, discharges stress and tension from the body and mind, and mitigates worrying thoughts.
- It encourages one to expand in all principalities of life.
- This stone provides one with a clearer understanding of events and why things are the way they are.
- It strengthens one's sense of curiosity and makes one enthusiastic to experience new things.
- Azurite encourages change and lessens indecision.
- This crystal helps cleanse the possessor of fear and insecurity.
- It is an remedy for boredom and provides one with a elevated level of confidence.
- It is said that this crystal vibrates to the exact frequency of the Third Eye (Brow Chakra) thus leading one to a closer understanding of enlightenment.
- This crystal has been used as an aid for meditation for ages and can bring one closer to out of body experiences.
- Azurite has been utilized as a powerful psychic stone throughout many civilizations since the beginning of known man.
- It has been known to lend it's powers of clairvoyance and intuition to the holder of this vibrating crystal.
- This stone helps clear out Throat Chakra, providing one with more efficient communication.
- It stimulates psychic expansion and development and can provide one with mystical encounters.
- It's metaphysical properties are substantial.
- This crystal is very useful for sleep, especially for the enhancement of dreams.
- This stone is said to improve nerve and reflex functions.
- It has been reported to be a great crystal for detoxification purposes of one's organs.
- Legend has it that Azurite was used in Atlantis, Ancient Egypt, by Ancient Romans and Greeks, by Ancient Chinese, and by Mayans.
Historical Figures Who Used Azurite
- F.S. Beaudant (named stone in 1824).
Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Swedish alchemist.
- Athena, Greek Goddess of War.
- Fuji, Ancient Japanese Goddess of Fire.
- Pliny the Elder.
- Sophia, Goddess of Wisdom.
- Juterna, Roman Goddess of Brooks and Ponds.