Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is a common iron oxide with a formula of Fe2O3 and is widespread in rocks and soils. Hematite forms in the shape of crystals through the rhombohedral lattice system, and it has the same crystal structure as ilmenite and corundum. Hematite and ilmenite form a complete solid solution at temperatures above 950 °C (1,740 °F).
Hematite is colored black to steel or silver-gray, brown to reddish-brown, or red. It is mined as the main ore of iron. Varieties include kidney ore, martite (pseudomorphs after magnetite), iron rose and specularite (specular hematite). While these forms vary, they all have a rust-red streak. Hematite is harder than pure iron, but much more brittle. Maghemite is a hematite- and magnetite-related oxide mineral
Large deposits of hematite are found in banded iron formations. Gray hematite is typically found in places that can have still, standing water or mineral hot springs, such as those in Yellowstone National Park in North America. The mineral can precipitate out of water and collect in layers at the bottom of a lake, spring, or other standing water. Hematite can also occur without water, usually as the result of volcanic activity.
Clay-sized hematite crystals can also occur as a secondary mineral formed by weathering processes in soil, and along with other iron oxides or oxyhydroxides such as goethite, is responsible for the red color of many tropical, ancient, or otherwise highly weathered soils.[en.wikipedia.org]
- Offers protection, strength, and willpower to the possessor of this stone.
- This powerful grounding stone provides mental clarity.
- It is a calming stone that aids in focus and mental organization.
- This stone boosts self-esteem and helps the bashful feel more confident.
- Improves logical thinking and promotes positive thoughts.
- Aids the bearer in feeling better overall physically and emotionally.
- It provides support of the spleen and has been known to fortify the health of the liver.
- Known as the "stone of the mind", it promotes original thinking and is particularly beneficial with mathematics and other technical subject matter.
- This stone has a powerful stabilizing force that helps draw negative energy away.
- Is associated to the physical body namely the blood, kidneys, and liver.
- Offers protection from electromagnetic frequencies and radiation.
- Helps with weight loss and sobriety.
- Ancient Egyptians uses it to stimulate the formation of blood cells and to stop bleeding.
- According to Native American folklore, the red powdered dust when smeared on one's body provided invincibility for warriors in battle.
- The dust was used as red chalk and was one of the earliest known forms of human writing.
- It has been detected in large amounts on the planet Mars.
- This stone has been revered to contribute to pain relief.
- It is associated with the Root (Base) Chakra and the Earth Chakra.
- This stone balances the spirit, mind, and body which helps align the Chakras and balance one's aura.
- It is said that this stone balances the yin and yang (masculine and feminine) energies.
- Hematite has been discovered in many ancient Egyptian tombs.
- It has been used in witchcraft, necromancy, and magic.
- Used in Ayurvedic healing and other forms of healing in which magnets are used.
Historical Figures Who Used Hematite
- Aradia, Tuscan Witch Goddess.
- Ereshkigal, Sumerian Goddess of the Underworld.
- Pinnacle Point Man (ancient Stone Age circa 164,000 years ago).